Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, Duke of


Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, Duke of
(1769-1852)
   Entered the army in 1787, and after serving in the Netherlands went to India in 1797, where he filled various military and civil offices until 1805. Two years later commanded the Copenhagen expedition and defeated the Danes at Kioge. Took command of the army in the Peninsula in 1808, and between then and 1814 defeated the French under Soult, Victor, Massena, and King Joseph. On his return to England in 1814 created Duke of Wellington. The following year, with the co-operation of Blücher, defeated Napoleon at Waterloo. Premier in 1828, and resigned in 1830; foreign secretary in Peel's ministry, 1834.
   Index: Bk His successes in the Peninsula, 119; retreats into Portugal, 123. Sy Resigns from Cabinet, 16; returns to office as prime minister, 16; resigns, 52; on dismissal of Melbourne, summoned to form a ministry, 46; his government defeated, 46; persuaded by Chief Justice Robinson to oppose Union Bill in House of Lords, 231. B Disapproves of Bagot's policy, 16, 17. Mc His connection with Catholic Emancipation Bill, 16-17.
   Bib.: Despatches, 1799-1832; Speeches. For biog., see Dict. Nat. Biog.

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